Herpes Simplex Encephalitis is a viral infection which affects the central nervous system of human. It is a very rare disease and estimated that at least 1 out of 500,000 patients of herpes develops the Herpes Simplex Encephalitis. The major cause of Herpes Simplex Encephalitis is herpes simplex virus 1. This virus is very same herpes virus which is usually causes oral form of herpes. Due to this virus the infection usually occurs in brain that causes life long illness that can’t be get cured. It is estimated that approximately 60 % of American adults are infected with herpes simplex virus 1. Approximately 9% to 11 % of cases of Herpes Simplex Encephalitis are due to Herpes simplex virus 2. So what are the main causes of spreading both types of herpes virus?
Well there are several causes which usually causes of spreading herpes. Sexual activities are the major causes of catching this virus. Casual exposure to the virus, droplet, kissing and using infected stuff such as utensils, toothbrush, razor and towel may lead to infect you from this virus. However genital herpes usually spread by having sex with a herpes partner. This is also called sexually transmitted disease. There are certain signs and symptoms of herpes simplex encephalitis which may help to detect it. Symptoms such as fever, memory loss, head ache, vomiting, Psychiatric symptoms and focal weakness are the major symptoms of Herpes Simplex Encephalitis. Some patient may also get symptoms like Seizures and severe head ache during the outbreaks of Herpes Simplex Encephalitis.
As far as the diagnosis of Herpes Simplex Encephalitis is concern there is no specific test available which help to detect Herpes Simplex Encephalitis. However most doctors usually used to go for the electro-encephalogram (EEG) in order to diagnose this disease. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) and computerized tomography (CT) can be the other source of herpes diagnosis. As we know that Herpes Simplex Encephalitis illness is categorized as a chronic illness hence the disease can’t be get cured. However there are several medicines are available which help to ease the pain and symptoms of Herpes Simplex Encephalitis. Usually antiviral drugs are used to treat Herpes Simplex Encephalitis. Acyclovir is the main medicines that is often prescribed by the doctors in order to treat Herpes Simplex Encephalitis.